A banner with: photo of Marianne Cohn, p. 45, first four lines of the poem, p. 46 and photo of children saved p. 47 and plaque p. 47
‚ÄúFor six years, I have lived with the people – and countless stories of resistance, courage and survival – you will meet in ‚ÄòBeyond Courage.‚Äô‚Äù
[Insert Photo- it may need a border- on left side of text, with description below it: Doreen Rappaport with Rabbi Burt Schuman and guide Anna Wiernicka on ‚ÄúPath of Remembrance‚Äù in the Sobibor death camp (Poland). On the stones are the names of people who were murdered in the camp.
The nightmare that turned into the Holocaust began in Germany. Under Adolf Hitler‚Äôs rule, the Nazis initiated the Final Solution, a policy aimed at annihilation of all Jewish men, women, and children in Europe. Under this policy, the Germans and their Axis partners caused the deaths of as many as six million Jews. During World War II, the Germans and their Axis allies also killed between 1960,000 and 220,000 Roma and Sinti (Gypsies) and millions of other civilians.
When I first began researching my book, the only examples I knew of Jewish resistance came from popular books and movies, and were limited to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and the escape from the Sobibor death camp. And still I did not know the real or complete stories behind those two extraordinary events. Even as a Jew, growing up in a Jewish household, I had only every heard that ‚ÄúJews went like lambs to the slaughter‚Äù during the war.
Researching my book, I learned that the truth was quite different.From the beginning of Hitler‚Äôs ascent in Germany and all through the war, Jews resisted the Nazis with uprisings and escapes and rebellions. But resistance is not defined just by dramatic, militant events. Jews refused to renounce their religion and celebrated their holidays in secret, improvising essential ritual objects. They set up Secret Schools, giving their children hope for the future.
‚ÄúThe Art Teacher‚Äù
Page 93 – insert panel –
Drawings by Children of Theresienstadt/Terezin
Insert children‚Äôs art work – pages 90-91, Passover Seder & Guard with Stick, include ID below each image
They collected diaries, testimony, art, and photographs so the rest of the world would have a record of what had happened. They became expert forgers, providing other Jews with new identity and ration cards so they would not starve. They devised ingenious plans to smuggle children out of danger to find hiding places for them, and to take them across mountains and through barbed wire to safe countries.
Perhaps Eta Wrobel, a Jewish partisan said it best:
‚ÄúThe biggest resistance we could have done to the Germans was to have survived.‚Äù
insert photos of Jack Kagan & cousins p. 125 and Jack Kagan & cousins p. 135
insert photo of Israel Cohen, and photo with his wife, and grandson Toronto 2012*Can we use the spoon photo with this & text?
The stories of Jewish resisters during the Holocaust – many of them teenagers or young adults – have become a seed in me that keeps growing. I will continue my journey and I invite you to consider traveling with me as we add more stories to this website; to take the first step in your own journey of discovery, exploration and remembrance.
Join me here and add your voice.
‚ÄúThe scope and extent of Jewish resistance cannot possibly be contained in one book. ” (signature)